Please note: This is not finished yet; I am adding the best and/or least obvious sources first.
Also, I have notes from almost all of these sources, if anyone needs information.
I am slowly adding excerpts to the web.

Blue Earth County Historical Society

Heritage Center 415 Cherry Street
Mankato, MN 56001
(507) 345-5566
This organization has kept many newspaper clippings, etc., from Clara's hometown. I owe them a large debt of gratitude for preserving so much information.

Web Sites

  • Women Song Composers: A Listing of Songs Published in the United States and England, ca. 1890-1930
  • ASCAP'S Ace on the Web


  • Newspaper Article (Society Column?), Mankato Free Press?, 1926
  • I Remember Mankato (article by Ms. Edwards for Mankato's centenial), Mankato Free Press?, 1952
  • Newspaper Column by Ken Berg, Mankato Free Press?, 1974
  • Etude, March 1933, p.148 (Very brief, just a picture and a few sentences.)
  • Etude, January 1948, p.24 (An interview with Ms. Edwards)
  • Obituary: New York Times, Jan. 19 1974, p.34 and Jan. 20 p.57
  • Obituary: Variety, Jan. 30, 1974, p.62
  • Songs You Love to Sing. New York?: G. Schirmer, 1931? This is essentially an advertisement. Thematic catalog of 25 songs, with song text, small photograph and biographical sketch of composer, musical excerpt.

    Brief Mentions in Books

  • Apel, Paul H. Music of the Americas North and South. New York: Vantage Press, 1958, p.154
  • Barnes, E.N.C. American Women in Creative Music: Tuning in on American Music. Washington D.C.: Music Education Publications, 1936.
  • Laurence, Anya. Women of Notes: 1000 Women Composers Born Before 1900. New York: Richards Rosen Press Inc., 1978, p.19
  • Howard, John Tasker. Our American Music. Crowell, 1946, p.627

    Encyclopedias / Bibliographies

  • Norton Groves Dictionary of Women Composers
  • The New Grove Dictionary of American Music (same article as Norton Groves above.)
  • Grattan, Virginia L. American Women Songwriters: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1993
  • ASCAP Biographical Dictionary (2nd ed., 1952, has the most information.)
  • Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (4th ed., 1940, has the most information.)
  • The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians. (9th ed., 1964.)
  • Hixon, Donald L. and Donald A. Hennessee. Women in Music: a Biobibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1975.

    Singer's Guides

  • Villamil, Victoria E. A Singer's Guide to the American Art Song 1870 - 1980. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Metuchen, N.J., & London 1993.
  • Lawhon, Sharon Leding. "A Performer's Guide to Selected 20th Century Sacred Solo Art Songs Composed by Women from the United States of America." D.M.A. thesis, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1993.